Chronic respiratory diseases are a group of chronic diseases affecting the airways and the other structures of the lungs. Some of the most common are: asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
The aim of chronic respiratory diseases awareness program is to improve early detection and management of Chronic Respiratory Diseases (Asthma and COPD) at PHC level and community level.
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs that causes periodic episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and coughing. Although the underlying asthma cannot be cured, the severity and the frequency of acute attacks can be greatly reduced by taking the proper medication as prescribed and avoiding asthma triggers.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is chronic lung diseases that cause limitations in lung airflow. The most common COPD symptoms are breathlessness, or a 'need for air', excessive sputum production, and a chronic cough. However, COPD is not just simply a "smoker's cough", but an under-diagnosed, life threatening lung disease that may progressively lead to death. COPD is preventable, but not curable. Treatment can help slow disease progression, but COPD generally worsens slowly over time. Because of this, it is most frequently diagnosed in people aged 40 years or older