Having a healthy diet including eating lots of fruit, vegetables and unprocessed foods, drinking water, and limiting consumption of red meat, processed meats, fatty foods and sugary drinks reduces your risks of developing many types of cancer.
Choosing not to smoke tobacco (cigarettes, medwakh, shisha and cigars) or drink alcohol significantly lowers the risk of several types of cancer including lung, throat, mouth, and liver cancer. Even if you are a current tobacco user, quitting can still greatly reduce your risk.
Regular physical activity reduces your risk of developing many kinds of cancer and increases the chance of cancer survival. For health benefit, you need to be physically active for a total of 30 minutes a day on most days of the week. Being physically active does not have to mean going to the gym to lift weights or doing something you dislike. Find an activity that is enjoyable and right for you.
Certain vaccinations help with the prevention of some cancers. For example, many women receive a vaccination for the human papillomavirus to help prevent cervical cancer. Hepatitis B vaccine helps prevent the hepatitis B virus, which can cause liver cancer.
Regular screening for some types of cancer can detect changes in cells before they become cancerous. Screening is currently available for breast, cervical and colorectal cancer.