The new lung cancer screening guidelines recommend annual scans with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) scans, which is a special kind of X-ray that can detect early stage lung cancer , for people over 55 who are current or former heavy smokers.
The new guidelines are supported by the American Cancer Society, American College of Chest Physicians, the American Society of Clinical Oncology and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. .
The new advice applies only to people aged between 55 and 74 with a history of smoking at least one cigarette pack daily for 30 years or two packs for 15 years. The risks of screening younger or older smokers or non-smokers outweigh the benefits, according to the new guidelines.
The guidance is based on a review of evidence including a large National Cancer Institute study involving more than 53,000 people. It was found that screening persons , aged 55 to 74 years who have cigarette smoking histories of 30 or more pack-years and who, if they are former smokers, have quit within the last 15 years, reduces lung cancer mortality by 20% and all-cause mortality by 6.7%”
HAAD, working with Advisory group, is currently evaluating the need and the cost effectiveness of establishing the lung cancer screening program for high risk individuals.